The LIMA (Least Intrusive Minimally Aversive) approach provides both a standard and guidelines for working with dogs as effectively and humanely as possible. Understanding LIMA and applying it effectively will improve your effectiveness as a trainer and/or behaviorist. This talk will discuss the purpose and principles behind LIMA as well as the components of LIMA and it's Suggested Hierarchy of Behavior Change. We will also discuss research examining the effectiveness and behavioral impacts of different training methodologies. Finally, the talk includes a review of basic principles of learning as needed to fully understand an in depth discussion of LIMA.